For all organic gardeners, having a garden soil that is abundant in nutrients and humus is one of the secrets to growing bountiful fruit and vegetables, abundant flowers, as well as perennial ornamental shrubs and trees. The garden soil’s viability and fertility are primary factors that can determine organic gardening success.
However, not all garden soil is rich in nutrients. There are certain areas where the soil is deficient in nutrients, and is therefore not as good a place to start an organic garden as some other locations. It may be deficient in some specific nutrients, its structure might not be optimal, or its pH might be too low or too high. Unless you are one of the lucky gardeners who have almost perfect planting soil, you will have to know how to improve your garden soil to be able to grow your vegetables successfully. The most effective method of enriching your natural garden soil is through incorporating organic fertilizers.
Incorporating Organic Fertilizers
You may think that utilizing organic fertilizers is less convenient and more complicated when compared with using premixed commercial and chemical fertilizers. This isn’t always the case. Organic fertilizers can be just as convenient as the chemical fertilizers. With organic fertilizers, you won’t have to consider if the mixture is suitable for a particular plant because generally, they are good for all kinds of plants.
Products such as liquid seaweed and dehydrated pellets of organic cow-manure make it easy to fertilize houseplants. You could also create your own custom mixes for your plants. For instance, you could use bird and bat guano, blood meal, chicken manure compost and fish meal as sources of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Use liquid organic fertilizers to provide your plants with a regular nutritious meal or nutrient boost. You can do this at least once a month. You can use a watering can or backpack sprayer to apply the liquid fertilizer; you can mix the liquid fertilizer inside the watering can or tank of the sprayer.
Many people don’t realize that plants can absorb liquid fertilizers through their leaf pores as well as through their roots. Foliar feeding, whereby you apply the liquid fertilizer directly onto the plant’s leaves, can supplement more traditional fertilization methods in providing trace elements to your plants. This is highly effective in giving your plants the extra boost they need for proper growth and development, especially during the growing season.
Dry organic fertilizers contain various nutrients. Blends are formulated so that the dry fertilizers can contain appropriate quantities of phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen and micronutrients. They are easy to spread throughout the garden and breakdown slowly and release nutrients gradually to provide long-lasting benefits to your garden. They generally use watering or rain to disperse the nutrients into the soil to the plant roots where they are needed.
What makes these organic fertilizers different from the chemically prepared fertilizers is that they are composed of by-products of minerals, animals and vegetables. These decomposing elements are naturally broken down to release the minerals and nutrients into the garden soil. Although a few needed nutrients are present in the soil already, fertilizers can ensure that plants have access to all available and essential nutrients.