Home Gardening Tips For Newbies: When To Plant Vegetables


Are you new to home gardening and don’t know a thing about when to plant vegetables? This article will walk you through easy gardening techniques that you and your family will surely find enjoyable.

Starting a home garden is exciting and for a family who loves to eat fresh fruit and vegetables, growing you own is the best way to ensure that your food is not only nutritious but free from harmful chemical residues that commercially grown fruit and vegetables are likely to have. Learning when to plant vegetables in order to produce the best yield should be an important consideration as a newbie.

Home gardening tips: Where to plant your vegetables

If you have an idle patch in your back yard or you need to spruce up your front yard, why not think edibles. Garden plots can take many forms, but if it is edible plants that you are thinking of, don’t limit yourself to only straight plots just like you see in farms and market gardens. Home gardening is not just about knowing how and when to plant vegetables. Home gardening can be a good avenue to test your creative skills so that you will come up with exciting ideas that will make your garden both productive and visually pleasing.

Seeds or seedlings

To begin with, generally you can plant your vegetables in two ways – from seeds or from seedlings. If you are a beginner, it is best to start with seedlings since seeds take time to germinate and you have to exert more effort in monitoring the germination process. Planting from seedlings can give you a good head start. But if you are up more challenge, planting from seeds is more fulfilling.

When to plant vegetables

Knowing when to plant vegetables is important to your home gardening success

Knowing when to plant vegetables is important to your home gardening success

You will also need to know when to plant vegetable seeds or seedlings for your garden. You need to match your planting time to your climate, as some vegetables grow best in certain seasons. However, this does not mean that you can only do gardening chores during spring or summer. A lot of garden enthusiasts know very well that one can grow vegetables even during winter if you know how to go about it.

If you are a novice to vegetable gardening, it is best if you know when to plant vegetables depending on the variety. Ask your local nursery or gardening experts which vegetable varieties grow best in your area given your climate . Knowing when the frost is due will give you an idea when to start planting.

Seasons differ from area to area or from zone to zone. As a general guide, you can classify vegetables into those that thrive in cool season or climates, as well as those that grow best in warm areas. Cool season vegetables include beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbages, carrots, cauliflower, lettuce, onions, peas, radishes, and spinach. Those that thrive best in warmer climate include beans, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, melons, peppers, summer squash, winter squash, and tomatoes.

Knowing when to plant vegetables is important to your garden’s success

The success of your garden largely depends on your knowledge on how and when to plant vegetables. As mentioned earlier, certain vegetables are more suited to particular climates. Another factor that one should learn about vegetable seeds is their hardiness. This explains why some seeds can survive in frost while others cannot. This classification is especially helpful so one can define the earliest date when it is safe to plant vegetables. Here is a table on the classification of seeds depending on their hardiness:

Hardy Semi-hardy Tender Very Tender
Asparagus Beet Snap beans Bush beans
Garlic (from cloves) Broccoli Sweet corn Lima beans
Kale Cabbage Endive Cucumber
Kohlrabi Carrot New Zealand Spinach Eggplant
Onion (from seed) Cauliflower Muskmelon
Onion (from plants or sets) Chard Okra
Rhubarb Leaf Lettuce Peppers
Spinach Mustard Pumpkin
Turnips Parsley Summer Squash
Peas Winter Squash
Potato Sweet potato
Spring Radish Tomato
Winter Radish Watermelons
Rutabaga

As a general rule and depending on the recommended planting period in your area, hardy vegetables can be planted right after the ground is prepared while very tender vegetables can be planted only after 2 to 3 weeks have passed following the last frost. For more specific details, it is best that you seek the advice of seasoned gardener or an agriculturist before deciding which vegetables to plant in your garden. Your local agriculture office can definitely provide a chart for plant timing based on your area’s climatic condition.

When you are using seedlings, it is good practice in summer to transplant in the evening or when there is not too much sun, to reduce the shock to the fragile plant. Take care not to disturb the roots and keep the roots and soil moist at all times during the process.

The right information coupled with a genuine love for plants and nature will help produce a garden that is both beautiful and bountiful. As you learn more, you will have more success in your garden, which encourages you to learn more, giving you more home gardening success…. and so the cycle continues. Learning when to plant vegetables is just one of the important steps to your home gardening success; hence always seek advice if you are in doubt.


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