There are many gardeners who do not know what organic gardening truly is. The easiest answer to this is: organic gardening doesn’t incorporate synthetic pesticides and chemical fertilizers in their plots. In organic gardening, plants are considered as part of a system that also includes the water supply, soil, insects and even people.
For the garden to grow successfully, it will include the following tasks: preparing the soil, managing the pests as well as fertilizing the vegetables to maximize the results. Of course, all of these factors must be done with methods that are environmentally safe.
Once the site for your vegetable garden is determined, regardless of whether the soil is sand, clay, or anything in between, you should supplement your natural soil with compost and organic material that will continue to break down over time. After incorporating this in your natural soil, make sure to use a shovel to mix these components together thoroughly.
Certified organic soil conditioners can be bought online or from most nurseries. Making use of organic pre-mixed garden soils, compost and potting mixes can make gardening easier because these already contain the required organisms and nutrients considered essential for garden vegetables to grow and flourish.
Natural Pest Control
Do you have unwelcome visitors in the garden? Regular garden monitoring is required in order to determine if pest treatment is needed. If pests are causing problems, there are a number of different methods that can be used to minimize the growth of pests’ population.
Some classic organic vegetable gardening pest control management is performed via non-toxic and straightforward techniques like hand-picking worms and grubs, removing leaves that harbor leaf-miners, squishing aphids, snails, slugs and cabbage moths that you can see on your vegetables, or setting traps (such as the beer trap for slugs) that lure in pests and kill them.
For plants to be healthy, they will need essential nutrients, which include potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Potassium is vital for the overall health of your vegetables. This nutrient will help in fruit production and healthy root growth. Phosphorus, on the other hand, is required for the plant’s flowers, roots and eventually crop production. Lastly, Nitrogen is needed for green and healthy growth of the plant’s foliage.
All of these are in the natural soil already. However, some soils only possess them in minute amounts only. When this is the case for the natural soil you have in your garden, you can supplement it with the following: Organic nitrogen sources include animal manures (from cows, horses, chickens, sheep, etc), feather meal, fish bones, alfalfa meal, cottonseed meal, coffee grounds and soybean meal. Potassium can be found in general compost, especially if it contains a lot of fruit (especially banana) and vegetable matter, kelp meal and wood ash. Finally, phosphorus can be found in rock phosphate and bone meal.
A simple and effective soil amendment is using compost to increase the nutrients in your soil. Organic matter that is broken down into compost can easy, cheaply and effectively add the nutrients required by your plants, so why not get your composting system working today!